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Image Credit:  Google Books - 1969 Billboard  Name(s) RECCO INSTRUMENTS, INC. Address Type Gen. Business - For Profit Charter No....

Image Credit: Google Books - 1969 Billboard

 Name(s) RECCO INSTRUMENTS, INC. Address Type Gen. Business - For Profit Charter No. 00117503
Domesticity Domestic
Registered Agent S. HARVEY LANER
1306 WEST 39TH STREET
KANSAS CITY, MO
Status Inactive - Merged
Date Formed 8/9/1965
Mergers Articles of Merger (Non-survivor) 4/30/1971 4/30/1971
Creation Articles of Incorporation 8/9/1965 8/9/1965 
Image Credit: Newspapers.com - Kansas City Times
Image Credit: Google Books - 1968 Billboard

About

Recco was formed by Kansas City native, Sigmund Harvey Laner in 1965 and lasted until 1971.

In 1968, talks of a merge with Medco Incorporated, which focused on jewelry, were announced via The Kansas City Times [1]. In 1981 Medco was merged with another company, the Misdom-Frank Corporation, and in 1984 all jewelry operations ceased [2]. No further mentions of Recco are found.

I obtained through the State of Missouri documents relating to the merger where Recco purchased a number of small stores around the country. The documents can be found here:
https://www.stlamateurluthier.com/2019/02/recco-instruments-company-merger.html

Products

Recco amplifiers were built by Guyatone (Tokyo Sound Company) in Japan and a key feature is the use of grey "RIVER ELETEC[sic] CORPORATION" resistors and 6BQ5 (EL84) tubes [3]. These amplifiers have printed circuit boards where the tubes attach directly to the board and not the chassis. As of the writing of this article, I own a Recco model 303 amplifier which is identical to the amplifier in the cited post.

Jedistar (a very reputable resource) has a picture of a Recco amp with the text "Rheem Manufacturing Company" and "Made in the USA" [4]. I found the company (incorporated 1963, merged 1975, and based in St Louis) but they focused on plumbing and not cabinet or amplifier construction [5]. 

Recco guitars, like any Japanese import, could be made by a variety of manufacturers depending on who they bought from. Some Ebay listings cite Ibanez models and others just say Teisco so I do not have a definite answer.

Sources

[1] https://www.newspapers.com/newspage/56233766/
[2] https://www.sec.gov/Archives/edgar/data/64500/000095015999000189/0000950159-99-000189.txt
[3] http://www.tdpri.com/threads/recco-guyatone-tube-amp.730793/
[4] http://jedistar.com/recco/
[5] https://www.sos.mo.gov/business/corporations/

I paid a small fee to obtain documentation about Recco Instruments from the State of Missouri and so I am uploading it after I ran it throug...

I paid a small fee to obtain documentation about Recco Instruments from the State of Missouri and so I am uploading it after I ran it through OCR so the contents can be index-able by search engines.

I have the PDF hosted here on Google Drive


****** Result for Image/Page 1 ******
ARTICLES OF MERGER
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF ALA., INC.
(an Alabama Corporation)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF ARK. , INC..
(an Arkansas Corporation)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF S.C., -INC.
(a Delaware Corporation)
ATLANTA AUDIO, INC.
(a Georgia Corporation)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF GA. , INC.
(a Georgia Corporation)
RECCO or ATLANTA, INC.
(a Georgia Corporation)
RECORDS OF ILLINOIS, INC.
(an Illinois Corporation)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF IND., INC
(an Indiana Corporation)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF IOWA, INC.
(an Iowa Corporation)
.DISCOUNT RECORDS -OF KANSAS, INC.
(a Kansas Corporation)
DISCOUNT RECORDS, OF MO., INC.
(a Missouri Corporation)
GEM RECORDS, INC.
(a Missouri .Corporat10n)
JAY SALES •CO., INC.
(a Missouri Corporation)
RECCO INSTRUMENTS, INC.
(a Missouri COrporat10n)
RECORDS OF N.M., INC.
(a New Mexico Corporation)
ALBANY RECORD COMPANY, INC.
(a New York Corporation)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF NORTH CAROLINA, INC.
(a North Carolina Corporation)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF OKLAHOMA, INC.
(an Oklahoma Corporation)

****** Result for Image/Page 2 ******
3
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF WIS., INC
(a Wisconsin Corporation)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF WIS. #2 •INC.
(a Wisconsin Corporations
WITH AND INTO
RECCO, INC.
(a Missouri Corporation)
(hereinafter sometimes called the "Sur—
Recco, Inc.
viving Corporation!) , existing under the laws of the State of
Missouri, pursuant to the provisions of the General and Business
Corporation Law of Missouri and twenty wholly—owned subsidiaries
of Recco-, Inc.,
(hereinafter sometimes collectively called the
"Constituent Corporations t') hereinabove set forth In the caption
of these Articles. of Merger hereby execute the following Articles
of Merger:
1. The Plan and Agreement of Merger Is as follows :
? Ian and Agreement of Merger dated as of the day
of April ,1971
between
RECCO, INC.
(a Missouri Corporation
and the Surviving Corporation)
and
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF ALA., INC.
(an Alabama Corporation)
DISCOUNT RECORDS • OF ARK. , lfc.
(an Arkansas Corporation)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF S.C., INC
(a Delaware Corporation)
ATLANTA AUDIO, INC.
(a Georgia : Corporation)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF GA. , INC.
(a Georgia Corporation)
RECCO OF ATLANTA, INC.
(a Georgia Corporation)
-2-

****** Result for Image/Page 3 ******
RECORDS OF ILLINOIS, INC.
(an Illinois Corporation)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF IND., INC.
(an Indiana Corporation)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF IOWA, INC.
(an Iowa Corporation)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF KANSAS, INC.
(a Kansas Corporation)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF MO., INC
(a Missouri Corporation)
GEM RECORDS, INC.
(a Missouri Corporation)
JAY SALES CO., INC.
(a Missouri Corporation)
RECCO INSTRUMENTS, INC.
(a Missouri Corporation)
RECORDS OF N.M., INC.
(a New Mexico Corporation)
ALBANY RECORD COMPANY, INC.
(a New York Corporation)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF NORTH CAROLINA, INC.
(a North Carolina Corporation)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF OKLAHOMA, INC.
(an Oklahoma Corporation)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF WIS., INC
(a Wisconsin Corporation)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF WIS. #2, INC.
(a Wisconsin Corporation)
Vmereas, the .Board of Directors of Recco, Inc. and
Of each of the twenty wholly—owned subsidiaries of Recco, Inc.
(whose names and states of Incorporation are hereinabove recited)
has deemed It advisable to merge each of the subsidiaries (herein—
-sometimes called "Constituent Corporations") into Recco, Inc.
(the parent corporation and herein sometimes called "the Surviving
Corporation"), on the terms and conditions herein contained, and
each of said Boards of. Directors has by resolution duly adopted
and approved this Plan and Agreement of Merger and has duly re—
solved that
the . same be •submitted to a vote of the stockholders

****** Result for Image/Page 4 ******
of each of such respective corporations In accordance with the
applicable statutes of the state in which each such corporation
Is Incorporated;
NOW, THEREFORE, for and In consideration of the premises
and of the rriutual agreements, provisions and covenants herein con—
talned, and the mutual benefits to be derived therefrom, the
hereto do hereby covenant and agree as follows :
ARTICLE 1
CORPORATE EXISTENCE, POWERS
AND LIABILITIES OF SURVIVING CORPORATION
A. The Constituent Torporatlons shall each. bermerged
with 'and Into the Surviving Corporation on the terms and subject
to the conditions hereinafter expressed and the separate exist—
ence of the Constituent Corporations shall cease upon the effective
date. of the Merger, and thereupon the Constituent Corporations
shall •become a single corporation, the name of which shall be
Recco, Inc.
B. Upon the effective date of the Merger as hereinafter
defined, the Surviving Corpohatlon shall succeed, without other
transfer, to all the rights and property of each of the Constituent
Corporations and the Surviving Corporation shall possess "all the
rights, privileges, powers, franchises as well of a public as of
a private nature, and be subject to all the restrictions, disabilities
and duties, of each of the Constituent Corporations; and all and
singular; the rights, privileges, powers and franchises of each
of the Constituent Corporations and ä11 property, real, personal
and mixed, and all debts due to any of the Constituent Corporations
on whatever account, as well for stock subscriptions as all other
things In action or belonging to each of the Constituent •Corpora—
tions shall_ be veSted In the Surviving Corporation; and all property;
rights s privileges,•• powers and franchises, -and all and every other

****** Result for Image/Page 5 ******
Interest shall be thereafter as effectually the property of the
Surviving Corporation as they were of the respeetlve Constituent
Corporations, and the title to any real estate vested by deed or
otherwise, In any of the Constituent Corporations, shall not
revert or be In any way Impaired by reason of the Merger; but
all rights of creditors and all liens upon any property of either
of the Constituent Corporations shall be preserved unimpaired
(limited In lien to the property affected by such liehs Immediately
prior. to the effective date of the Merger) and all debts, Ilabllltles
and duties of the respective Constituent Corporations ahall thence—
forth attach to the Surviving Corporation, and may be enforced
against It to the. same extent as if såid debts, liabilities and
duties had been Incurred or contracted by It .
C. The parties hereto hereby agree, respecti.vely, that
from time to time, as and when requested by the Surviving Cor—
poratlon, or by its successors and assigns, they will execute
and deliver, or cause to be executed and delivered, all such deeds
and other Instruments, and will take or cause to be taken such
further or other action as the. Surviving Corporation, Its successors
or assigns, may deem necessary or desirable in order to vest or
perfect In or confirm to, the Surviving Corporation, its successors
and assigns, title to and possession of all the property, rights ,
privileges, powers, - Immunities, franchises and Interests referred
to In this Article I of this Agreement and otherwise to carry out
the -Intent and purpose of this Agreement .
ARTICLE il
EFFECTIVE DATE OF MERGER
For purposes of this -Agreement, the "effective date of
the- Merger'! shall be the time at which this Agreement Is appropriately.

****** Result for Image/Page 6 ******
filed In accordance with the laws of the State of Missouri .
Such filing shall be made, as soon as practicable after the re—
qu1s1te approval by stockholders of the Constituent Corporations .
ARTICLE 111
CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION AND
BY-LAWS OF SURVIVING CORPORATION
A. On and after the effective date, the Articles of
Incorporation of the Surviving Corporation as amended and In
effect on the effective date, •shall be and become the Articles
of Incorporatlön of the Surviving Corporation until further amended
as provided by law.
B. The By—Laws of the Surviving Corporation In effect
on the effective date Of the Merger shall be and remain the By—Laws
of the Surviving Corporation until the same shall be altered,
amended or repealed as provided by law.
ARTICLE
OFFICERS AND DIRECTORS OF SURVIVING CORPORATION
Upon the effectl#e date of the Merger, the directors
and officers of the Surviving Corporation • shall be the directors
and officers of the Surviving -Corporation until thé±r successors
are chosen or appointed.
ARTICLE V
CAPITAL STOCK OF SURVIVING CORPORATION
The capitalization of • the Surviving Corporation upon
the effective date shall be as-:.set forth In the Certificate of
Incorporation of the Surviving Corporation In effect on the effective
date.
ARTICLE VI
CONVERSION OF SHARES OF THE CONSTITUENT CORPORATIONS
The manner and basis of converting shares of capital
stock of each of the Constituent Corporations Into shares of
capital stock of the Surviving Corporation shall be as follows :

****** Result for Image/Page 7 ******
1'. Recco, Inc. t s capital stock.. The shares
of Recco, Inc. stock .outStand1ng on the effective
date shall continue .as shares of the stock of the
Surviving Corporation.
2.
Capital stock of the Constituent Corporations.
Each share of the stock of the Constituent Corpora—
tlons which shall be outstanding on the effective
date of the Merger shall be cancelled and retired
and all rights with respect thereto shall cease .
ARTICLE VII
STOCKHOLDER APPROVALS
The Constituent Corporations agree that, to the extent
required by applicable law, they will each cause separate meetings
of their respective stockholders duly to be called and held for
purposes of approving this Plan and Agreement of 'Merger or to other—
wise 'obtain such stockholder approval •In a manner authorized by the
Statutes applicable thereto.
ARTICLE VIII
MISCELLANEOUS
For the conveniencé of the parties and to facilitate the
filing or recording of this Agreement, any number of counterparts
hereof may be executed and each such executed counterpart shall be
deemed to be an• original Instrument.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, .the corporate parties to this agree—
ment .have caused this agreement; to be executed by their respective
Vice 'President. and attested bfétheir respective Secretary the date
and year first written above.
RECCO., INC.
(a Missouri Corporation)
By
Vice President
('Corp6Fäte
ec etary
Seal).

****** Result for Image/Page 8 ******
Atte
0
t:
Secretary
- -GCopporate Seal)
Secretary
•(Cörporate S
CAt-tést
(Corporate
Attegt :
Corporate
AtfeSE:E
Secre tary
Seal)
ecretary
Seal)
Secr tary
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF ALA., INC.
(an Alabama Corporation)
By
Vice President
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF ARK. , INC.
(an Arkansas Corporation)
By
Vice President
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF S.C., INC
(a Delaware Corporation)
By
Vice President
ATLANTA AUDIO, INC.
(a Georgia Corporation)
By
ice
esident
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF GA. , INC
Seal)
Attest
Fec etary
(Corporate Seal)
e cretary
( Corpp-r@.€e Seal)
(a Georgia Corporation)
By
Vice Pre
RECCO OF ATLANTA, INC.
(a Georgia Corporation)
By
resi
RECORDS OF ILLINOIS, INC.
By
dent
t
Vice President
-8-

****** Result for Image/Page 9 ******
t
0
Atte
(Corporate
Ä$tegt .
RECORDS OF IND., INC
(an Indiana Corporation)
ce Presl
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF IOWA, INC.
e retary
Seal)
e retary
Gorporate Seal
Attes .
Secretary
(Corporate S
(an Iowa Corporation)
By
ce reg
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF KANSAS,
(a Kansas Corporation)
By
Ice r
dent
INC.
dent
AtteS& :
Attes.t :
(gprpo_räte
Attest :
Attes
( qprEQrate
Se cretary
Secre
ary
.0
Secretary
Seal)
Secretary
SeaJ )
0.
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF MO., INC
(a Missouri Corporation)
By
Ice res den
GEM RECORDS, INC.
(a Missouri • Corporation)
By
ice President
JAY SALES CO., INC.
(a Missouri Corporation)
By
ce Pres dent
RECCO INSTRUMENTS
(a Missouri Corporation)
By
ce reside t

****** Result for Image/Page 10 ******
RECORDS OF N.M., INC.
(a New Mexico Corporation)
By
Attest •
(ßza—-z-z_—
Vice President
Secretary
(Corporate Seal)
Attest •
Secretary
--74ÄCorporate Seal)
—At tes
Secretary
(Corporate Seal)
Attes-t:•
Secretary
(Corporate Seal)
Attesü
Secretary
(Corporate Seal)
Secretary
'teorporate Seal)
ALBANY RECORD COMPANY, INC.
(a New York Corporation)
By
Ice res dent
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF NORTH CAROLINA, INC.
(a North Carolina Corporation)
By
Ice res dent
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF OKLAHOMA, INC.
(an Oklahoma Corporation)
By
Vice President
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF WIS. ,
INC .
(a Wisconsin Corporation)
By
Vice Presl ent
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF WIS. #2, INC.
(a Wisconsin Corporation)
By
Vice President
10 -

****** Result for Image/Page 11 ******
2. The number of shares of stock •outstanding 'of each
corporation Is as follows :
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF ALA., INC.
(an •Alabama Corporation)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF ARK. , INC.
(an Arkansas Corporation)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF S.C., INC
(a Delaware Corporatlån)
ATLANTA AUDIO, INC.
(a Georgia Corporation)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF GA. , INC.
(a Georg±å CorporaC10n)
RECCO OF ATLANTA, INC.
(a Georgia Corporation)
RECORDS OF ILLINOIS, INC.
(an Illinois Corporation)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF IND., INC.
(an Indiana Corporation)
DISCOUNT RECORDS or IOWA, OINC.
(an Iowa Corporation)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF KANSAS, INC.
Kansas Corporation)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF MO., INC.
(a CM1ssour1 Corporation)
GEM RECORDS, .1Nc•.
(a Missouri Corporation)
JAY SALES CO., INC.
(a Missouri Corporation)
RECCO INSTRUMENTS, INC.
(a Missouri Corporation)
RECORDS OF N. M. y INC.
(a New Mexico Corporation)
ALBANY RECORD COMPANY, INC.
(a New York Corporät$on)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF NORTH CAROLINA,
(a North Carolina Corporation)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF OKLAHOMA, INC.
(an Oklahoma Corporation)
DISCOUNT RECORDS WIS., INC
(a Wisconsin Corporation)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF WIS. INC.
(a -Wisconsin Corporation)
RECCO, INC.
Missouri Corporation)
-Class A Common
Class B Cog-mon
11 -
100,000
10
10
6
30 ,ooo
6
100 ,ooo
20
30 , ooo
100 ,ooo
50 ,ooo
60
-10
10
20
INC.
10
150 ,ooo
200,000
50 ,ooo
149,148
80 ,ooo

****** Result for Image/Page 12 ******
3.
Said Plan and Agreement of Merger was approved by
the consent of the •sole stockholder of each of said corporations
In accordance with appropriate statutory provisions therefore ,
and all the outstanding shares of each corporation were voted In
favor of. the approval of said Plan and Agreement of Merger .
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Surviving Corporation and the
Constituent Corporations have each executed these Articles of
Merger by the signature of their respective Vice Presidents and
have affixed hereto their respective corporate seals, attested
0
by their respective Secretaries, all this
By
At-t st:
RECCO,
day of April, 1971.
INC .
Vice President
Secretary
•(Corporate Seal)
. c-:At-tfes
Sec etary
_(Cbrporate Seal)
Secre ary
A----(Gporate S
: -z•Attest:
Secretary
-QCéxÖorate Seal)
4ttest :
Secp tary
(Corpor@te Seal)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF ALA., INC.
By
Vice President
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF ARK. , INC
By
Vice
rest
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF S.C
INC .
By
ATLANTA AUDIO,
By
-a 12 -
Vice Pres ent
INC .
Vice Preside t

****** Result for Image/Page 13 ******
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF GA. , INC
Attest •
Secretary
(Corporate Seal)
•Attest:
Sec tary
(Corporate. Seal)
Attest:
Se cietary
Seal)
Attest :
Secretary
RECCO OF ATLANTA,
Vice res ent
INC.
Vice President
By
RECORDS
By
ILLINOIS, INC.
VICE Presidént-
A(-qorporate
attest :
(_C0?$orate
Attest
Seal)
e cretary
Seal)
Se cretary
( Corporate
1)
Attest:
Se cretary
Seal)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF. IND., INC.
By
Ice President
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF IOWA, INC.
Vice resident
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF KANSAS, INC.
By
Vice President
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF MO., INC
By
ce resident
- 13 -

****** Result for Image/Page 14 ******
By
GEM RECORDS INC .
Vice President
.efi
•Attest:
Corporate
( Corporate
Secretary
Seal)
e cretary
Seal)
ecretary
seal)
ecretary
Seal)
:JAY SALES
By
RECCO INS
By
RECORDS O
By
ALBANY RECO
•By
O. , INC
Vice 'Pres
NTS, INC.
ent
AtfeSt :
( Corporate
-'OnAtfest:
( Corporate
Attest :
VI ce Presid
• M. , INC.
Vice President
OMPANY, INC.
Ice resi
Secretary
---L3KCöÉporate Seal)
Secretary
Seal)
ge crefiry
Seal)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF NORTH CAROLI
By
Vice President
.DISCOUNQ RECORDS OF OKLAHOMA, INC.
Vice Presiden
14 —
NC.

****** Result for Image/Page 15 ******
OF WIS.,
INC.
Vice President
OF WIS. #2, INC.
Vice •Preside
• L _ 30
Attest :
Secretary
(Corporate Seal)
Attest :
Secret ry
Cepporate Seal)
DISCOUNT RECORDS
By
DISCOUNT RECORDS
By
15 -

****** Result for Image/Page 16 ******
STATE OF NEW YORK
COUNTY OF NEW YORK
) ss.:
a Notary Public do hereby
certify that on this Z 3 day of April, 1971, personally
appeared before me ARLO
who, belnp, by me
first sworn, declared that he Is the Vice President of DISCOUNT
RECORDS OF ALA.
INC., DISCOUNT RECORDS OF ARK. , INC., DISCOUNT
RECORDS OF S.C.,
INC., ATLANTA AUDIO, INC., DISCOUNT RECORDS OF
GA. , INC., RECCO
OF ATLANTA, INC., RECORDS OF ILLINOIS, INC. ,
DISCOUNT RECORDS
OF IND.; INC., DISCOUNT RECORDS OF IOWA, INC.,
DISCOUNT RECORDS
OF KANSAS, INC., DISCOUNT RECORDS OF MO., INC
GEM RECORDS, , INC. ,
JAY SALES CO., INC. , RECCO INSTRUMENTS, INC.,
RECORDS OF N.M.,
INC., ALBANY RECORD COMPANY, INC. ,
DISCOUNT RECORDS
OF NORTH CAROLINA, INC., DISCOUNT RECORDS OF OKLAHOMA, INC. ,
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF WIS., INC., DISCOUNT RECORDS OF WIS. #2, INC.,
and RECCO, INC.,
that he signed the foregoing document as Vice
Preslderit of said corporatldns and that the statements therein
contained are true.
(Notarial Seal)
My Commission Expires
HELEN• BASS
Notary State cf New York
No. Qual. in8ronxCo.
Certific.itg fiied-•in New York .Cou
Commission Expires Macch
Notary pub
c
FILED AND CERTIFICATE
ISSUED
APR 301971
corporation Dept. OF STATE
16 -

****** Result for Image/Page 17 ******
Survivor's Name
ommon
Authori zed
Outstanding
Un-lssued
Merging Company
MERGER WORKSHEET
Class
Common
COO,
Class
Common
Class
Common
Class X
Class X
C ommon
Preferred
Preferred
Authorized
Outs tanding
Un- Issued
Common
70 q e-#D
Other
Other
(DÆ«-41Zu_)
Merging Company
Common
Authorized
Outstanding
Un-lssued
Mer ging Company
Common
Authorized
Outstanding
Un- Issued
Merging Cpmpany
Common
Authori zed
Outstanding
Un- Issued
Other
-Preferred
Other
Preferred
Preferre
Other

****** Result for Image/Page 18 ******
MERGER WORKSHEET
Common
-Authori zed
Outstanding
Un- Issued
Merging Company
-Conmon
Authorized
Outs.tanding
Un- Issued
Merging Company
Comnon
Authori zed
Outstanding
Un- Issued
Merging Company
Common
Authorized
Outstanding
Un- Issued
Merging Cpmpany
Common
Authori zed
Outstanding
Un- Issued
Class
Common
Class -X
Common
Class
Common
Class
ommon
Class 3
Common
O&he-r-
Preferred
Preferred
Preferred
-Other
Other
Other
Preferred
Other
Preferred
Other

****** Result for Image/Page 19 ******
Common
Authori zed
Outstanding
Un- Issued
Merging Company
Common
Au thorized
Outs tanding
Un- Issued
Merging Company
Common
MERGER WORKSHEET
Class
Common
Class
Common
Class
Common
Authori zed
Outstanding
Un- Issued
zoo
Merging Company
Preferred
Preferred
-Preferred
Preferred
t,
Common
bö0 e
50
Class B
O
@-ther
Authorized
Outstanding
Un- Issued
Other
(703)/ q)
Other
Other
9
Other
Other
Merging Cpnpany
Common
Authorized
•Outstanding
Un- Issued
Class X
Preferred
Common

****** Result for Image/Page 20 ******
N ame
- Common
Authori zed
Outstanding
Un- Issued
Merging Company
Common
Authorized
Outstanding
Un- Issued
Merging Company
Common
Authorized
Outstanding
Un- Issued
Mer ging Company
Common
Authorized
Outstanding
Un-lssued
Merging Cpmpany
Common
Authorized
Outstanding
Un- Issued
MERGER WORKSHEET
Class
Common
Class
Common
Class
Common
Class B
Class X
Common
Other
Preferred
Preferred
Preferred
Preferred
Preferre
Other
Other
Other
Other
Other

****** Result for Image/Page 21 ******
Merging • CoMpany
Common
Authorized
Outstanding
Un- Is sued
Merging Company
Common
Authorized
Outstanding
Un-lssued
Merging Comp any
C ommon
Authorized
Outstanding
Un- Issued
Class
Common
Class
mmo
Class X
Common
Other
O-the.r--
Preferred
Preferred
Preferred
Other
Other
Other

****** Result for Image/Page 22 ******
- Noeöa?$349
*Ossouwx
o
STATE of MISSOURI
JAMES C. KIRKPATRICK, Secretary of State
Corporation Department
Certificate of Merger—
Missouri Corporation Surviving
WHEREAS, Articles of Merger of the following corporations:
SEE ATTACHED
Name of Corporation
Alabama Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois,
and Missouri
have been received, found to conform to law, and filed.
NOW, THEREFORE, 1, JAMES C. Secretary of state of the state of Mis-
souri, issue this Certificate of Merger, certifying that the merger of the aforenamed corporations
RECCO, INC.
is effected, with
as the surviving corporation.
RECCO ,
RECEIVD or:
Three and no/
IN TßTIMONY WHEREOF, 1 have hereunto set my hand and
affixed the GREAT SEAL of the State of Missouri, at the City
of Jefferson, this 30th day of April
1971
of SEte
Doutv Secreur•y of State
INC.
3.00
Dollars, $—
For Credit of General Revenue Fund, on Account of Amendment Fee.
95349
No.
CORP. 21
TRt—couNTY
evenue
BELLE.
MO. 65013

****** Result for Image/Page 23 ******
MERGING
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF ALÄ., INC. (An Alabama corporations not qualified
in Missouri)
INC. (An Arkansas corporation, not qualified
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF ARK. ,
in Missouri)
-INC. (A Delaware corporation, not quali fied
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF S.C.,
in Missouri)
ATLANTA AUDIO, INC. (A Georgia corporaüon, not qualified in Missouri)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF GA. , INC. (A Georgia corpmaion, not qualified in
Missouri)
RECCO OF ATLANTA, INC. (A Georgia corporation, not qualified in Missouri)
RECORDS OF ILLINOIS, INC. (An Illinois corporation, not qualified in
Missouri)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF IND. , INC. (An Indiana corporation, not qualified
in• Missouri)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF IOWA, INC. (An Iowa corporation, not qualified in
Missouri)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF KANSAS, INC. (A Kansas corporation, not qualified in
Missouri)
INC. (103619)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF MO. ,
GEM RECORDS, INC. (93290)
INC. (111089)
JAY SALES CO.,
RECCO INSTRUMENTS, INC. (117503)
RECORDS OF N . M. , INC. (A New Mexico corporation, not qualified. in Missouri)
ALBANY RECORD COMPANY, INC. (A New York corporation, not qualified in
Missouri)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF NORTH CAROLINA, INC. (A North Carolina corporation,
not qualified in Missouri)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF OKLAHOMA, INC. (An Oklahoma corporation, not qualified
in Misiouri)
INC., (A Wiscpnsin not quäl.ified
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF WIS. ,
in Missouri)
DISCOUNT RECORDS OF WIS. #2, INC. (A Wisconsin Corporation, not qualified
RECCO ,
INC.
in Missouri)
INTO
(95349)

****** Result for Image/Page 24 ******
ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION
OF
RECCO INSTRUMENTS, INC.
We, the undersigned, being na turål persons of the age of
twenty—one years or more and subscribers to the stock of. the
corporation to be organized pursuant hereto, for the purpose
of forming a corporation under the General and Business
corporation Act of Missouri, do hereby adopt the following
Articles of Incorpora tion.
ARTICLE i.
The name of the corporation is: RECCO INSTRUMENTS, INC .
ARTICLE 11.
The address of its initial registered office in the State
1306 West 39th Street, Kansas City, Missouri,
of Missouri is:
and the name of its initial registered agent at such address
is: S. Harvey La ner.
ARTICLE 111.
The aggregate number of shares which the corporation sha II
have authority to issue shall be. six hundred (600) having no
preference, all of which shall be of the par va Iue of Fifty
Dollars ($50.00) each, amounting in the aggregate to Thirty
Thousand Dollars ($30 , 000.00)
ARTICLE lv.
The number Of shares to be issued before the corpora tion
shall commence business is ten (10) shares of Fifty Dollars
($50.00) parv value, and the considera tion to be paid therefor
and the capital with which the corporation shall. commence
business is Five Hundred Dollars ($500.00) 0
Five Hundred Dollars ($500.00) has been paid up in lawful
money of the United Sta tes in payment for these ten (10) shares
-of the stock of the corporation.
-1-

****** Result for Image/Page 25 ******
ARTICLE V.
The names and places of residence oi the shareholders
and the number of shares subscr i bed by each are:
Na me
Ra Iph J. Tucker
Marvin L. Tucker
Louise Aldrich
Address
5839 Howe Drive
Shawnee Miss ion, Kansas
10015 Belleview
Kansas City, Miss ouri
301 West Armour
Kansas City, Missouri
ARTICLE VI.
No, of Shares
4
3
3
The number of Directors to be elected at the first meeting
Of the shareholders is three.
The Board of Directors shall have the power to alter, amend
or repeal the By—Laws of the corporation.
ARTICLE VII.
The duration of the corporation shall be perpetua 1.
ARTICLE VIII.
The corporation is formed for the following purposes :
TO carry on business at wholesale, and to manufa cture, buy,
sell, rent, lease, import, export and to otherwise acquire or
dispose of or deal in musical instruments, electronic equipment ,
records, recordings, magnetic wires and tapes, record players ,
recorders, radios, televisions, appliances, accessor ies, parts
and supplies of every kind, character and descr iption.
TO manufacture, buy, sell, deal in and to engage in,
conduct and carry on the business Of buying ,
selling and dea ling in goods, wares and nerchandise of every
class and descr iption.
TO engage in the wholesale business and to operate ,
conduct such offices, warehouses, sa Iesrooms and factor ies
as may be necessary, proper or convenient in the conduct
of such bus iness or businesses
TO buy, sell, acquire, lease and hold title to real estate
-2-

****** Result for Image/Page 26 ******
and/or personal property; to sell, purchase, acquire, hold or
exchange and deal in commodities, merchandise and manufactured
articles of every kind and description.
TO own, buy, sell, pledge and mortgage its capital stock
orany part thereof, and to act as agent, and/or broker on
commission, or otherwise in he transaction of any chara cter
Of business herein referred o, and in general to have and
to hold all tEe corporate rights and privileges which are not
inconsistent with the laws of the Statecof Missouri, and to
contract and be contracted with for all purposes necessary to
the conduct of this corporation.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, we have hereunto set our hands this
6th day of August, 1965.
a
a r v In
c er
r lc
o
STATE OF MISSOURI
ss:
COUNTY OF JACKSON
se
The undersigned, Ra Iph J. Tucker, Marvin L. Tucker, and
Louise Aldrich, being all of the incorpora tors of Recco
Instruments Inc., being duly sworn, upon their oath, each
did say that •the sta tements and ma tters set forth in the
foregoing Articles Of Incorpora tion are true .
arvxn
ou se
uc er
Subscribed and sworn to bef
e me this 6th day of August,
o ary u IC
1965.
-My Commission expires
Q LUZ Z? b x
-3-

****** Result for Image/Page 27 ******
STATE OF MISSOURI
ss:
COUNTY OF JACKSON
on this 6th day of August, 1965, before me personally
appeared Ralph J. Tucker, Marvin L. Tucker and
to me known to be the persons described in and
the foregoing instrument and acknowledged that
the same as their free act and deed.
IN TESTIMONY WHEREOF, 1 have hereunto set
affixed my notarial seal the day and year last
Louise Aldrich,
who executed
they executed
my hand and
above written.
My • :commission expires
o ary
77 / 9 C
ßl/G9 1965-4-

****** Result for Image/Page 28 ******
Certtftratp nf Jnrnrpnrattmt
WHEREAS, An Association organized under the name of
nzcco INSTRUMENTS, INC.
has med in the office of the Secretary of State Articles of Incorporation in writing as provided by law and
has, in all respects, complied with the requirements Of The General and Business Corporation Act of Mis•
souri goveming the formation of Private Corporations:
NOW, THEREFORE, l, of State of the State of Missouri, in
virtue and by authority of law, do hereby certify that said association has, on the date hereof, become a
body corporate duly organized under the name of
RECCO INSTRUMENTS, INC.
and the address of its Initial Registered Office in Missouri is:
1306 We?! Street± Kansas Citys
and is entitled to all the rights and privileges granted to corporations organized under The General and
Business Corporation Act of Missouri for a term of
perpetual
years, and
600 Common, @ $50;00 par
that the amount of the Authorized Shares of said corporation is—
THOUSAND
Dellars.
IN TESTIMONY WHEREOF, I hereunto set my hand and affix the GREAT
SEAL of the State of Missouri. Done at the' City of Jefferson, this
9th day of August
Hundred and
Sixty—five
A. D. , Nineteen
S CRETAR.Y OF STATE
DEPUTY SECR ARY OF ATE
RECEIVED OF,
RECCO INSTRUMENTS,INC.
54.50
Fifty—four and 50/100
Obliars, $
For Credit of General Revenue Fund, on Account of Incorporation Tax and Fee.
No. 117503
Deputy Collector of Revenue

Patent image taken from the Japanese patent website https://www4.j-platpat.inpit.go.jp/ The object itself I ran the document scan ...

Patent image taken from the Japanese patent website
https://www4.j-platpat.inpit.go.jp/
The object itself


I ran the document scan through Optical Character Recognition, which converts text from a picture into text you can edit, and took that result and put it through Google Translate. The end result is a very incorrect translation that was so nonsensical I decided only to include the header section.
Patent Authority
_. 2 G 2 ~ "Practical New Proposal Feng Public Notice
Utility Model Publication No. 38- 9642
Public Notice 38.5.2 - Requested Show 34 - - 3 U Actual Application Showa - 4 - 27
Applicant "Opinionist Rock _ ... Hatsune Nagoya City Nishi-ku Horii-cho 2, 23
Attorney patent attorney ... Masashi Sawa
(The applicant is entitled to assign rights or license)
(All-inclusive)

Image Credit -  Reverb - Chris Robinson's Gear Galore Info from the US Patent and Trademark Office Introduction Custom Kraf...


Image Credit - Reverb - Chris Robinson's Gear Galore
Info from the US Patent and Trademark Office

Introduction

Custom Kraft instruments were produced by a variety of manufacturers such as Alamo, Harmony, Kay, Supro, and Rickenbacker and distributed through St Louis Music Supply Company [1]. The logo for the brand was a heraldic lion with two tails and wearing a crown. According to the US Patent and Trademark Office, the Custom Kraft trademark was first used commercially on September 1st, 1938 [2].

Guitars during this era were built by the Harmony Company from Chicago. The guitars were differentiated by numbers which I have not yet found to have any meaning. I used my own Model 18 as an example.

Model 12

Image Credit - AcousticGuitarForum - Slyfox00
14 fret to the body archtop acoustic guitar. Stenciled fretboard markers using a common Harmony design. 3 on a plate tuners (very common for the era) with black knobs. Segmented F-holes. Stamped tailpiece.


Model 18


Image Credit - Mine
Likely a Harmony Marquise H1390 as seen on the DeMont Harmony Database

Has 3x3 single tuners. Steel frets on a Brazilian Rosewood fretboard with the alternating 1-2 fret dot pattern. This guitar has an intricate marquetry binding. Solid maple top and solid back and sides which I assume to also be maple. The guitar has a black painted center-line dividing the burst on the back which might indicate that the back is two pieces but it is in fact one piece.

Deluxe 22


Like a Harmony Monterey H1327 as seen on the DeMont Harmony Database

This specific example has a mangled headstock but just barely readable underneath the black paint are the words "-stom Kraft" and "Deluxe 22". I could not find a date stamp within this guitar but the design heavily suggests late 30s and early 40s.

Model 23


Image Credit - Heritage Auctions
Like a Harmony Monterey H1327 as seen on the DeMont Harmony Database

Same headstock design as the Model 18 with tuners that have the same plate style. Herringbone style binding. Treble clef design inlaid into the pickguard. Pearloid headstock veneer.

I did locate a Youtube video of someone playing a 1935 Custom Kraft Model 23

Model 3314


Image Credit - Ebay - Elrey James
14 frets to the body flat top acoustic guitar. The treble clef design returns again on the pickguard of this guitar. The movable bridge suggests that this was a cheaper model. 314 is also the area code for St Louis which may or may not be intentional. 

Seller claimed it was built in Kalamazoo by Gibson though there was no evidence to back up the claim. My initial thought is that because it does not look like a Kay or a Harmony that it might be a Regal constructed instrument.

Citations

[1] https://www.guitar-list.com/brands/custom-kraft
[2]https://trademark.trademarkia.com/custom-kraft-72165534.html

I picked up this instrument for a small price due to its condition but it looks to be an instrument that is worth restoring. This guitar i...

I picked up this instrument for a small price due to its condition but it looks to be an instrument that is worth restoring. This guitar is valuable to me for two reasons, one the history it holds and two for the  age and condition that the intact pieces are in.

Image from Vintaxe
This guitar appears to be a Harmony H-1390 Marquise [sic] model which the Demont Harmony database says were made from 1937 to 1940. Mine has "S 36" stamped in red ink on the back which definitively places it as a 1936 model.

Large, full toned, beautiful in appearance. High arched spruce top, inlaid with cut colored wood-block marquetry. Heavy celluloid bindings. Ovalled bound fingerboard. Tortoise celluloid guardplate. Adjustable bridge. Compensating tailpiece. Rich maple-grained mahogany shaded finish, highly polished.
No. 1390: $25.50

The history of the brand is fascinating too as Custom Kraft was one of the names used by St Louis Music and I've often seen the claim that the brand was only in use during the 1960s. I own a Kay-built archtop labelled Custom Kraft that I believe to be from the 1940s or 50s and I've seen similar claims on Reverb listings. There is also the possibility that the brand name changed hands but I've seen nothing yet to support that.

Breakdown of the binding by approximate size.
The total width of the binding is 9/32nds 


Besides the sorry state that this guitar was left in, it was very lightly played during its lifetime. The fretboard has very minor divots and the frets are rusty but not worn. The guitar unfortunately was not stored with care and so the back is completely detached from the instrument, the tail end is missing nearly all of its ornate binding, and it has a pretty nasty chunk taken out of the top

My conclusion is that Custom Kraft instruments were built by Kay at least in the 1950s until the brands dissolution in 1968 but before then they were also built by Harmony. Both Chicago manufacturers but of course very different guitars.




1960s Saturn Videocaster This is a super fascinating guitar with 4 pickups controlled in pairs. Each pair of pickups has a rhythm/sol...

1960s Saturn Videocaster


This is a super fascinating guitar with 4 pickups controlled in pairs. Each pair of pickups has a rhythm/solo (treble cut) switch, tone wheel, and volume knob. Each pickup has its own slide switch to enable or disable it. 

The neck of the guitar had a nasty twist in it and the truss rod only warped the area around the 3rd fret so I set to remove the rosewood fretboard and see what was inside.


I was actually really taken back by what I saw since this guitar not only has a truss rod but it also has 2 steel bars as neck reinforcements. Typically guitars from this era will either have a truss rod or a steel bar but this marks the first time I've seen a guitar built with both. The neck appears to be maple and the wood between the fretboard and the truss rod is mahogany. 

This type of truss rod is known as a compression rod because it works by having one end of the rod be anchored (in this case a half-circle nut stuck in a slot similar to the rod in my Kay Speed Demon) and the other have a nut and washer to force the rod to bend and move the guitar neck. These are generally not the best and there are more effective designs but this design pops up a lot in older cheap guitars.

I've already removed the compression rod and my next step is going to be to order a new, modern truss rod and install it. Then I will reattach the fretboard, plane it, and refret and the guitar will play and be more stable than ever


3300 x 2275 pixels for an UHD scan. Contains a standard Kay built parlor acoustic guitar with painted binding and moveable bridge as we...


3300 x 2275 pixels for an UHD scan.

Contains a standard Kay built parlor acoustic guitar with painted binding and moveable bridge as well as a Kay built archtop with a single "pancake" pickup in the neck position

Kay Guitar Brand Origins Guitars from the Kay Musical Instrument Company were often sold to distributors labelled under that specific dis...

Kay Guitar Brand Origins

Guitars from the Kay Musical Instrument Company were often sold to distributors labelled under that specific distributor's chosen brand name. This was a cheaper alternative to having to build your own in house brand of instruments. Often times tracking down the origins of brand names and the manufacturers of those guitars can be very difficult and so I've decided to try and compile a comprehensive list of all the brand names that Kay instruments were listed under. For the purpose of this article, I will only be including the US-built guitars by Kay and ignore the entire era of the 1970s and 80s where Kay outsourced their guitar brands to Japan.

Disclaimer: Brand names were often shared as distributors changed who they wanted to buy instruments from. There are brands listed here that were made by both Harmony and Kay as well as other companies.

Also would like to shout out to Jedistar.com for having one of the largest searchable index of guitar brand names. I took quite a bit of info and some brand names from his site and simply compiled them into my list. All credit for those discoveries goes to him and the respective owners.

Airline

Image credit, unknown author
Airline guitars were sold by Montgomery Ward through catalogs and physical stores. The brand was used from 1958 to 1968 and more recently reissued by Eastwood Guitars [5]. Airline guitars were also built by Harmony at some point in the brands lifetime.

In my experience these guitars seem to be the most highly priced Kay guitars around; even the basic acoustics tend to be more expensive for the brand name. Airline guitars are probably most recognized for the "Res O Glass" body construction and unique design styles that you see artists such as Jack White using. 

Alamo

"Interesting factoid. Alamo purchased many parts from Kay when they went out of business and you see Kay tuners and fretboards on some of their guitars for a while after this." [Brian R]


Arch Kraft

Image source, www.guitar-list.com
Budget archtops produced from 1933 to 1937 [Wright 172]. Distributed through the Vitak-Elsnic Company catalog which was based in Chicago, Illinois [25].





Continental

Produced from 1929 until the late 1940s [Wright 169, 170]. Produced for the Continental Music Company.

Barclay

Image credit, Reverb - Creekside String Shop
Distributed by Unity Buying Service in the 1950s and 1960s [20].







Beltone

Image credit, Reverb - BW Guitars
Distributed through Sorkin Music Co in the 1950s [26].


Distributed by Monroe or P&H according to the Kay Vintage Reissue Website [20]. I'm not able to find any definitive info on what either of those companies are.














Catalina

Image credit, Rivington Guitars
"House Brand name for Abercrombie and Fitch" [Brian R].


The Catalina brand name might've also been used for guitars built by Harmony [22].















Custom Kraft

Custom Kraft Archtop: Image credit, mine
Custom Kraft "900" Amplifier: Image credit, mine
Custom Kraft was a line of instruments produced for St Louis Music Supply Co. The guitars were made by Kay and the amplifiers were produced by Valco/Supro [2]. An article on Premier Guitars claims that the line was launched in 1961 and were produced until Kay was purchased and subsequently went under in 1968 though some instruments still bearing the name appeared into the early 1970s. [3] 

My archtop uses a tailpiece that I've only seen on 40s and 50s Kay instruments but it did not come with its original Kluson tuner either. The current St Louis Music Co has no relation to or info on the original company and so I am not able to verify my assumption that the brand was in use before 1961.

El Ranchero

Image credit, Reverb - Rivington Guitars
Produced in the late 1950s and distributed through the Sorkin Music Company [27].

















Fischer

Produced for the Carl Fischer catalog from 1929 to 1936 [Wright 169, 170]. The company is based in New York, New York [24]

Possibly produced by Harmony later in the 1950s. See this Reverb listing for evidence of a Harmony construction (headstock shape)

Franklin Music House

Made by Kay in the 1930s [17].

Distributed through its name-sake, Franklin Music House based in Newark, New Jersey [Spann 207].

Futuramic

Image credit, Reverb - Found Sound
Guitars built in the 1950s for an unknown retailer [16].

The headstock design includes two rockets and two airplanes flying towards themselves. The "F" in Futuramic is also very similar to the font used on Fender guitars.

Alamo guitars had a model of lapsteel called the Futuramic and Noble released accordions under the same name but there is no apparent connection.


Gretsch

Kay produced guitars for Gretsch during the 1940s [Wright 171]. I have a 1947 Gretsch New Yorker archtop that I have heard was a model built by Kay as well.

Groehsl

Groehsl was founded in 1892 and later acquired by Stromberg-Voisinet which rebranded itself as Kay [11]. Their instruments were produced between 1918 and 1921 [Wright 169]

Holiday

Distributed by Aldens [20]. Also manufactured by Harmony. Commonly seen from the 1960s. 

Hollywood

Made for (or with) the Shireson [sic] Brothers in 1933 [Wright  170]. 

The company is properly spelled as Schireson Brothers Manufactured Musical Instruments. The resonators were made by Kay with cones and hardware supplied by Schireson Bros [12].

Kamico

Kamico Parlour Flat Top: Picture credit, myself

Kamico was marketed as a cheaper line of Kay guitars and distributed as a lower priced version of Kay's regular guitar line [1]. They were introduced in 1947 and continued to be manufactured until 1951 [Wright 130, 173]










Kay Kraft

Image Credit: Jake Wildwood's blog

Kay Kraft were an early brand of instruments produced from 1927 to 1937 by the Stromberg-Voisinet Company which later became Kay Musical Instrument Co [Wright 94]. This brand is occasionally confused with Custom Kraft due to both having the same spelling of "Kraft" but they are entirely unrelated.

Kay Kraft guitars are also known for having an adjustable bolt-on neck construction which allowed for the angle of the neck to be adjusted by a plate between the neck and the body. They are also known for the "Venetian" mandolin style shape.




Kaywood

Image credit, Reverb - Martys [sic]
Produced for one year only in 1934, these resonators featured either a curly maple or mahogany construction with a wooden resonator plate [Wright 170].








Lark Jr

Image credit, Reverb - Clayton Audio
Likely made between the 1930s and 1950s



















Marathon

Marathon flat top: Picture credit, myself
Nathaniel,
Marathon was a house brand for the original Southland Musical Merchandise Corp. in Greensboro, NC. It was primarily used for cheaper guitars mostly of Japanese  origin. If yours was made by Kay, in those days, Kay was a US made brand. The original Southland ceased to exist in about 1990 after being sold to a company called Onsite Energy Systems in 1972. I went to work for the Original Southland on Aug 1, 1972 as a stock clerk. I became a road rep for them in April of 1973. I still do the same thing today, 46 years later, but with different companies these days. In 2003 I "resurrected" Southland. Whatever history of the company that exists is in my brain. All the older employees have passed on.
Sorry I can't give you specific information about your guitar. Kay Guitar Company still exists today. Perhaps they can help you;http://www.kayguitar.com/
Best,
Ed Rider
Marathon branded guitars were distributed by Southland Musical Merchandise Co in Greensboro, North Carolina. The brand's origin date is unknown but my acoustic (pictured above) has Kluson tuners that date it to the late 1950s. Youtube user Joseph Macey dates his collection of Marathon guitar picks to the late 1950s at the earliest and continuing into the 1960s [4].

Many thanks to Mr Macey for his video led me to the Southland name and then to Mr Rider who gracefully responded with his knowledge about the brand.

Marvel

Image Credit, Music Go Round - St Charles
Marvel guitars were marketed by the Peter Sorkin Company out of New York, USA. Made in the 1950s through the 1970s according to Jedistar [9].

I've played the model pictured to the left and it feels like a normal, low end Kay arch top guitar. Nothing particularly impressive about it except the name and headstock logo.





Marveltone

Notable model, 1933 Marveltone Arch Kraft No.778 archtop [Wright 172]. Also produced or distributed by Regal [13].

No apparently relation to the Marvel line of Kay guitars.

Marwin

Distributed through the Barth-Feinberg catalog based in NY in the early 1950s [28]. Also might have been constructed by Harmony

Mayflower

Guitars and banjos manufactured by Stromberg-Voisinet in the 1920s [Gruhn 442]

Montclair

Image credit, Jedistar
Produced during the 50s and 60s by both Harmony and Kay [19]













Oahu

Picture credit, Elderly Instruments
Oahu was a brand of instruments produced for the Oahu Publishing Company based in Cleveland, Ohio. These instruments were built to appeal to the Hawaiian genre of music and commonly feature square necks. These instruments likely were made as early as 1927 [Wright 116] and as late as 1938 [Wright 170]. The Oahu Publishing Company closed in 1985[8].






Old Kraftsman

Picture credit, Music Go Round - Greensboro
Old Kraftsman instruments were marketed through the Spiegel catalogue which was based in Chicago, Illinois. Found as early as 1942 in the Spiegel Holiday Catalog scan [14].

In my experience, most of the guitars under this brand name were basic Kay models with nothing extraordinary about them.






Orpheum

Picture credit, Reverb - Willie's American Guitars
The Orpheum brand name appears on a variety of instruments from different manufacturers but was initially created by the American banjo manufacturer William Lange Banjo Co [6]. In the 1960s, the name was recycled and applied to Japanese-built guitars and the brand has recently been resurrected again. The American-built models were made in the period between the 1930s and 1940s according to Jedistar [7]

I was unable to find a clear builder for these guitars since the name passed through so many hands but the guitar pictured is an exact match for my Kay-built Marathon acoustic guitar.




Paramount

Distributed by the William Lange Banjo Co up until the 1940s [15].

Penncrest

Image source: Blog - Craigslist Vintage Guitar Hunt

Penncrest was the in-house brand for J.C. Penney. Sold through the 1950s and 60s but the exact dates are unknown.

Looking through the catalog scans at the Wishbook Web archive, I was unable to find any references to Penncrest in the 1966 JC Penney catalog.


Playtime

Image credit, Jedistar
Made around the 1940s for Sears [18].









Premier

Mentioned a time or two on the internet, I currently don't have any information for it yet.

Regal

Kay produced some guitars for Regal in the 1930s such as the model numbers: 2106, 2110, 2112 [Wright 170].

Rex

Image credit, Keith Holland Guitars
Sold through Gretsch catalogs only in 1948 [Wright 132]. 









Sierra

Image credit, Reverb - ToftHill Music
The pictured guitar is from a Reverb listing that claims its a 1950s Kay. The headstock matches the 3-bump design and the dovetail neck places its construction before 1961. They also mention that it might've been from a Montgomery Ward catalog though I am unable to confirm that.

Possibly badged for an unknown local retailer.





Silvertone

Image credit, Jake Wildwood's Blog
Silvertone guitars were manufactured by both Kay and Harmony for Sears, Roebuck and Co. The pictured model is a 1941 Kay Crest archtop.







Sherwood

Image credit, Reverb - Meacham's Music
Made between the 1940s and 1960s and distributed through the Mongomery Ward catalogs [20].









S. S. Maxwell

Produced by both Harmony and Kay but between 1933 and 1934, they were produced by Kay [Wright 170, 172]. Not to be confused with S.S. Stewart which was produced by Harmony.

Sterling

Image credit, Blog "Your Grandpas Guitar"

Distributed by Tonk Brothers Co in the 1930s









Stromberg

The original name of the Kay company. Instruments were distributed under this name from 1921 until 1932 [Wright 169]. I speculate that the name might've possibly appeared again until the company's rebranding to Kay into 1937.

Supertone

Made for Silvertone by Harmony [23] and possibly Kay as well.

Supro

Some Supro branded acoustic guitars were built by Kay in the 1960s up until 1968 [Wright 172].







Suprema

Image credit, Reverb - Needful Things
Distributed by the Canadian catalog, Eatons. The listing that the included picture is from claims the guitar was built in 1936.


















Sylvia

Image credit, Reverb - CGS
Approximately 1950s based off of the bridge shown in the Reverb listing and the fretboard wood color but nothing is nailed down.


















Telleno

Exact same construction as my Wabash parlor guitar

















Truetone

Picture credit, mine
Distributed by Western Auto in the 1950s and 1960s.

This particular model is an early 1960s Kay Speed Demon.














Tonk

Produced during the 1930s and distributed by Tonk Brothers Company as late as 1938 [Wright 172].

Ward(s)

One of the house brands of Montgomery Ward [10]. Produced banjos and flat tops as early as 1925 and as a solid body guitar as late as 1961 [Wright 169, 175, 178].

Wabash

Image credit, mine
Wabash guitars were distributed by the David Wexlar Company [21]. Personally, I've seen claims that they were made by both Kay and or Regal. 

The headstock pictured is from a 1/2 size "Buckeye"-stenciled cowboy guitar project that I haven't started work on yet. The tuners on the right side of the headstock are 1930s patented "Safe Ti-String" and the tuners on the left and unbranded.

Sources:

[3] https://www.premierguitar.com/articles/20978-trash-or-treasure-custom-kraft-ambassador
[4] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i6ZLZwhebo0
[5] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Airline_(brand)
[6] http://www.fetishguitars.com/distributor-brands/orpheum-maurice-lipsky/
[7] http://jedistar.com/orpheum/
[8] http://jedistar.com/oahu/
[9] http://jedistar.com/marvel/
[10] http://jedistar.com/ward-wards/
[11] https://www.vintageguitar.com/3469/kaykraft-style-a/
[12] https://www.acousticguitarforum.com/forums/showpost.php?p=4073599&postcount=10
[13] https://www.acousticguitarforum.com/forums/showthread.php?t=299923&page=2
[14] http://www.wishbookweb.com/FB/1942_Spiegel_Holiday_Catalog/index.html#104
[15] http://jedistar.com/paramount/
[16] http://jedistar.com/futuramic-guitars/
[17] http://jedistar.com/franklin-music-house/
[18] http://jedistar.com/playtime/
[19] http://jedistar.com/montclair/
[20] http://www.kayvintagereissue.com/
[21] http://anniespicks.weebly.com/wabash.html
[22] http://www.guitarhq.com/other.html
[23] http://solie.org/harmonyhist.htm
[24] https://www.carlfischer.com/about/
[25] http://www.vintaxe.com/catalogs_pages/catalogs_american_archkraft_1937.php
[26] http://www.vintaxe.com/catalogs_pages/catalogs_american_beltone_1950s.php
[27] https://www.guitar-list.com/brands/el-rancho
[28] http://www.vintaxe.com/catalogs_pages/catalogs_american_marwin_bf_1951.php

Literature

Wright, Michael. Guitar Stories: The Histories of Cool Guitars. Vol. 2, Vintage Guitar Books, 2000.

Gruhn, George, and Walter Carter. Gruhns Guide to Vintage Guitars: an Identification Guide for American Fretted Instruments. Backbeat Books, 2010.

Gruhn, George, and Walter Carter. Gruhns Guide to Vintage Guitars: an Identification Guide for American Fretted Instruments. Backbeat Books, 2010.

Contributors

  • Brian R (Facebook - Kay Guitars)
  • Nate G (Facebook - Kay Guitars)
  • Gary B (Facebook - Kay Guitars)
  • Walter C (Facebook - Kay Guitars)

Updated: 1/26/2019